The staff of Panda Pediatrics, located in Washington, D.C.
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A bump or bruise may cause damage to superficial blood vessels, resulting in a black and blue mark. Since the skin is not broken, there is no risk of infection. Bruises usually follow injury caused by blunt objects.
Unexplained bruises may indicate a bleeding tendency. However, unexplained bruises overlying the shins are usually not a sign of a bleeding tendency. Children often bump this area and then forget about it.
Home Care Steps:
1) Apply ice to the bruised area for 20-30 minutes.
2) No other treatment should be necessary.
Optional: Give acetaminophen (Tylenol) or Ibuprofen (Motrin) for pain relief. Avoid aspirin. Bruises usually resolve in about 2 weeks. During this time, the color will change from blue to green to yellow.
Note: If a blood blister is present do not open it due to increased risk of infection. It will dry up and peel off in 1-2 weeks.
Call our office immediately if: